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Memorabilia of China's Rubber Industry Development in the Past Century

Memorabilia of China's Rubber Industry Development in the Past Century

In 1915, Guangdong Brother Chuangchuang Rubber Co., Ltd. was established to produce rubber dental trays and rubber soles. It was the first rubber manufacturer in China.

In 1934, Shanghai Dazhonghua Rubber Factory began trial production of automobile tires based on the production of bicycle tires. First, it purchased equipment from Japan for trial production in Kobe. The next year, it was transferred back to China to formally establish a workshop and produced the first domestic automobile tire, named "Double Coin". The product has two specifications of 30×5 and 32×9, and the daily output is 7 to 9 pieces.

In 1951, the No. 1 State-owned Rubber Factory developed bullet-proof self-repairing tires and produced 600 tires for use by the Chinese People's Volunteers.

The 100th government meeting of the State Council passed the "Decision on Cultivating Rubber Trees". Rubber trees were planted in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and Fujian. The army and civilians began to work together in the cultivation and processing of natural rubber in Hainan.

In 1956, the 40th meeting of the Standing Committee of the First National People’s Congress decided to merge the former Chemical Industry Administration of the Ministry of Heavy Industry, the Pharmaceutical Industry Administration of the Ministry of Light Industry, and the Rubber Industry Administration to form the Ministry of Chemical Industry of the People’s Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Ministry of Chemical Industry). ), appointed Peng Tao as Minister of Chemical Industry.

In 1958, China's self-developed 2,000-ton/year chloroprene rubber production facility was completed and put into operation at the Changshou Chemical Plant, producing the first batch of synthetic rubber in China.

In 1960, the Lanzhou Synthetic Rubber Plant was completed and put into operation, producing the first batch of styrene butadiene rubber in China.

 

In 1964, Shanghai Dazhonghua Rubber Factory developed the first 9.00R20 all-steel radial tire in China. 

After successfully trial-produced steel bias tires, Shanghai Dazhonghua Rubber Plant began to explore the development of all-steel radial tires. In the absence of information and ready-made equipment, the technicians used a photo of a radial tire building drum to design and trial-produce the radial tire building drum by themselves, while trial-manufacturing them, and constantly improving them. After many trials and improvements, China's first "Shuangqian" brand all-steel radial tire was finally successfully trial-produced. 

In 1966, the National Science and Technology Commission, the Ministry of Petroleum, and the Ministry of Chemical Industry jointly organized the butadiene rubber technical research battle. With the Jinzhou Petroleum Sixth Plant as the main site, the company successfully developed butadiene as the raw material to produce butadiene rubber, and built 1,000 tons of butadiene per year. Industrial plant for rubber.

In 1982, Shanghai Chint Rubber Factory introduced a second-hand equipment production line with an annual output of 500,000 passenger radial tires from Metzler, Germany. With the strong support of Beijing Rubber Industry Research and Design Institute and other units, the "Pull back" brand car radial tires were successfully put into production and successfully passed the certification to supply the Santana car of the Shanghai Volkswagen Automobile Plant.

In 1985, the research and development results of the new technology of butadiene rubber production won the 1985 "Special Prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award".

In 1989, the Ministry of Chemical Industry issued the "Measures for the Implementation of the "Determination and Implementation of the State Council's Current Industrial Policy Points (Trial)" by the Ministry of Chemical Industry, proposing that the current internal chemical industry development sequence is the agricultural support chemical industry, the raw material chemical industry, the fine chemical industry, and the rubber processing industry. .  

In 1993, the domestic large-scale domestic radial tire production line was completed and put into operation in Shandong Rongcheng Rubber Factory.

Henan Tire Factory's "Eighth Five-Year Plan" national key scientific and technological project "Large-scale Construction Machinery Tires" passed the national acceptance and started mass production, and the product quality reached the international advanced level.

In 1995, the Yanshan Petrochemical MTBE cracking polymerization-grade isobutylene production plant was completed and put into operation, which provided an economical and reliable source of raw materials for the production of butyl rubber; in December 1999, the 30,000-ton/year butyl rubber production plant introduced with Italian PI technology was completed and put into operation Since then, the situation that my country's butyl rubber is totally dependent on imports has ended.

In 1996, Yanshan Petrochemical built a 10,000-ton grade solution polymerized styrene butadiene rubber (SSBR) production plant, which was the first solution polymerization styrene butadiene rubber plant in my country.

In 1999, Tianjin Tire Company developed large-scale agricultural radial tires in accordance with market demand. Using domestic technology, after nearly a year of research and trial production, the first "Dolphin" brand 12.4R28 agricultural radial tires were successfully rolled off the production line, a breakthrough for domestic agricultural radial tires. A new way has come out. By 2014, there were about 4 companies producing agricultural radial tires nationwide, with an output of 37,000.

In 2002, Shanghai Tire & Rubber (Group) Co., Ltd. Double Coin Truck Tire Co., Ltd. used the technology of radial truck tires to independently research and develop the first "Double Money" brand engineering machinery radial tire 14.00R24-20PR (tubeless), and started a domestic project. The pioneer of mechanical radial tires.

In 2008, Shandong Triangle Group Co., Ltd. and Tianjin Saixiang Technology Co., Ltd. jointly completed the giant engineering radial tire complete set of technology and equipment development project won the first prize of 2007 National Science and Technology Progress Award.

Lanzhou Petrochemical Company's 100,000-ton/year styrene butadiene rubber plant started to produce chemical materials. This is the largest scale of domestic production and is completely dependent on its own technology to build a styrene butadiene rubber plant.

my country’s first "Sanhuan" brand radial radial tires successfully passed various dynamic tests required by national standards and met the requirements for installation. my country has become the fourth country in the world capable of developing, manufacturing and testing radial radial tires. In the same year, a domestically-produced aircraft equipped with tires of this specification made its first flight.

In 2009, the styrene-butadiene rubber production plant constructed by Sinopec Qilu Branch was put into operation. The total annual production capacity of the entire plant’s styrene-butadiene rubber plant reached 230,000 tons. It was the largest styrene-butadiene rubber production base in China at that time. The plant all adopted domestic technology. .

The largest joint venture project between Central Asia and Central Asia, jointly funded by China Bluestar Shanxi Synthetic Rubber Group Co., Ltd. and Armenian Yilit Company, 30,000 tons/year neoprene production plant produces SN232 qualified neoprene products .

CNPC Lanzhou Petrochemical Company's 50,000-ton/year nitrile rubber production plant was completed and put into operation, all of which adopted domestic independent intellectual property rights technology. 

In 2010, Shandong Yuhuang Chemical Co., Ltd.'s 80,000 tons/year butadiene rubber production plant was completed and put into operation. This is the first large-scale synthetic rubber plant built by a domestic private enterprise.

The 15,000-ton/year isoprene rubber production plant constructed by Maoming Luhua Chemical Co., Ltd. was completed and put into production. The project all adopted independent research and development technology to fill the gap in domestic isoprene rubber production.

In 2013, the 15,000-ton/year trans-isoprene rubber plant was completed and put into production, which was the world's first 10,000-ton industrial production plant.

In 2015, a thousand-ton hydrogenated nitrile rubber plant was completed and put into operation in Jiaxing, Zhejiang, ending the history of hydrogenated nitrile rubber dependence on imports, and China became the world's third country with independent intellectual property rights to industrially produce hydrogenated nitrile rubber.

The content is excerpted from "China Rubber Industry Chronicle" and "A Hundred Years History of Chemical Industry"

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